INSTRUCTION FOR AUTHORS
Aims and Scope: Physiology and Pharmacology is
the official scientific quarterly publication of Iranian society of Physiology
and Pharmacology. This Journal accepts Original Papers, Review Articles, Short
Communications and Letters to the Editor in the fields of physiology,
pharmacology, pharmaceutics and molecular biomedicine.
Submission: Manuscript must be accompanied by a covering
letter to the Editor-in -Chief, including title and author(s) name and
undertaking that it has not been published or submitted elsewhere. Manuscript
should be typed in double space on A-4 size pages with clear margins using Microsoft
Word format. Tables should be prepared via Table option of type setting software,
not as a text separated via spaces or as a photograph. Only electronic submission
using the journal web page is accepted. The high quality figures should be prepared
each as a separate page in a format of JPEG, EPS, TIF or GIF.
Submission should be
done via Journal URL: http://www.phypha.ir/ppj
Paper structure: The manuscript should include: Title page; the
Abstract; Introduction; Materials & Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgement
The title page: The
complete title of the manuscript, running title, the name of all the authors
with their e-mail addresses, the department or institution to which they are
attached, address for correspondence author with telephone numbers, e-mail, and
The Abstract: All
original articles must accompany a structured abstract up to 250 words. It
should be structured as Introduction, Methods, Results and Conclusion followed
by 3 to 5 Keywords. Keywords will assist indexers in cross indexing the article
as they are published with abstract. Authors need to be careful that the abstract reflects the content of the
should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither
review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the
Materials & Methods:
This should include exact method of observations or experiments. If an
apparatus is used, its manufacturer’s name and address should be given in
parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is
new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a
drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given.
For patients, age, sex with mean age ± standard deviation must be given.
Statistical method must be mentioned.
Results: It must be
presented in the form of text, tables and figures. The contents of the tables
should not be all repeated in the text or in the figures. Instead, a reference
to the table number or figure number should be given.
Tables: In limited
numbers should be submitted with the captions placed above. Do not submit
tables as photograph. Place explanatory matters in footnotes, not in the
Figures: Should be in
limited numbers, with high quality art work and prepared on separate pages. The
captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in
tables and figures, simultaneously.
Discussion: This should
emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other
work done in the field by other scientists. The detailed data should not be
repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of
the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It must be mentioned
whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no
conclusions can be derived. The last paragraph of discussion should provide a brief
conclusion for the study.
contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in
the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical
help, writing assistance and departmental head who only provided general support.
Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.
manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant references. The author should
ensure reference to published studies by doing proper literature search. It may
not be possible for the editor and reviewers to check the accuracy of all
reference citations. To minimize such errors author should verify references
against the original documents. The Reference should provide the following
information as stated in the presented models as follows:
Article: Zarrindast MR ,
Noorbakhshnia M , Motamedi F , Haeri-Rohani A , Rezayof A , Effect of the
GABAergic system on memory formation and state-dependent learning induced by
morphine in rats. Pharmacol 76 (2006) 93-100.
Chapter: Phillips SJ,
Whisnant JP, Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors.
Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York:
Raven Press, 1995, p. 465-478.
Book: Norman IJ, Redfem
S, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill
Endnote style for Physiology and Pharmacology
Proof Reading: A PDF file is sent to the corresponding author
for proof reading before publication in order to avoid any mistakes. There for
the corresponding author will be responsible for the correctness of final
published article. Corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to
the Journal office.
symbols: Use only standard abbreviations.
Avoid using them in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation
stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit
of measurement. a list of standard abbreviations are provided at the end of
Conflicts of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it. When there is no conflict of interest, the author should mention it at the end of manuscript, prior to References.
Ethical guidelines: Ethical considerations must be addressed in
the Materials and Methods section. 1) Please state that informed consent was
obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal
guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review
board that approved the project ethical items. 2) Indicate in the text that the
maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with National Institutes
of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, and has been
confirmed by your Institute or agency proper committee.
Page charges: There are no charges for publication in this
Copyright: The entire contents of Physiology and
Pharmacology are protected under international copyrights. This
Journal is for your personal noncommercial use. You may not modify, or re-publish
any materials contained on the Journal without the prior written permission from
the copyright owner, Iranian Society of Physiology and Pharmacology.
Peer review process: All manuscripts are peer-reviewed by at least
3 anonymous reviewers selected by the Editorial Board. The corresponding author
is notified as soon as possible of the editor decision to accept, reject, or
require modifications. If the manuscript is completely acceptable according to
the criteria set forth in these instructions, it is scheduled for the next
Disposal of material: Once published, copies of the manuscript file,
correspondence and artwork will be held for 3 months before disposal.
The Final Checklist:
The authors must ensure
that before submitting the manuscript for publication, they have taken care of
1. Title page should
contain title, name of the author/co-authors, designation & institutions
they are affiliated with and e-mail address for future correspondence. E-mail
address, Phone & Fax number should be provided for corresponding author.
2. Abstract in
Structured format and up to 250 words.
3. References are mentioned
as stated in the Instruction to Authors section and prepared via Endnote software.
4. Tables should be
typed on separate pages.
6. Make sure for
Headings of Tables, their numbers and Captions of illustrations.
7. Figures (Photographs
/ illustrations) along with their captions are provided.
8. Approval of the study
from respective Ethics Committee/Institution Review Board.
9. Declaring any
conflict of interest.
10. Covering Letter
#2, number 15, Majd St.,
Kargar Shomali St.,
Tehran, I.R. Iran.
The following abbreviations
can be used without definition:
ADP,CDP, GDP,IDP UDP:
5'-pyrophosphates of adenosine cytidine, guanosine, inosine, uridine
CoA and acetyl-CoA
coenzyme A and its acyl derivatives
glycol-bis( -aminoethyl ether)N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid
glutathione, reduced and oxidized
4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazine- ethanesulphonic acid
nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NMN nicotinamide mononucleotide
molar (mol/l) M
Electricity, energy and temperature
(centigrade) ° C
counts per minute
per minute dpm
median doses LD50,
routes of drug
administration i.v., i.p., s.c., i.m., i.c., i.t., i.c.v., i.v.t., p.o.
standard error of
the mean S.E.M.
Svedberg unit of
sedimentation coefficient S